Okay, here is another excellent review by Thomas Sowell.
A few notes . . .
Following WWII when the Allied forces were partitioning off Berlin and black American soldiers and white American soldiers were having babies with German women there was no statistical or substantial difference between blacks and whites. Author and “Professor Flynn concluded that the reason was that the offspring of black soldiers in Germany ‘grew up in a nation with no black subculture.’” Interesting. Turns out culture does stand for something.
Expectations are external.
Sowell explains that there was no gangsta rap that was pervasive in Germany following WWII to create anything like the American black subculture.
ROBINSON: There is something about black subculture in America that holds [blacks] back.
SOWELL: [Emphatically] Yes!
Then he goes on to talk about black rednecks and white liberals. That very subculture held whites back in the South as well. Oh, now we’re getting somewhere. The mental testing of the first WWI turned up among other things the fact that whites from various from 4 or 5 southern states scored lower than blacks from 4 or 5 northern states. So it really was a question of the subculture that was there which was a handicap to both.
Whose job is it to say “Wrong subculture, folks. You’re harming yourselves”? Ideally? Intellectuals.
What is to be done? LBJ speaking at Howard University, June 4, 1965.
There is no 3rd party or authority to dispense fairness. Fairness is not a right. Life is unfair.
Who has control of the past?
Great question and point!!!
Who has control of the culture that people have in the present, which they’ve inherited from the past?
So LBJ is in fact although good liberal that he was, he was in fact engaging in a breathtaking arrogance on two counts. One, that white people were responsible for where black people stood in the race. that it was up to whites entirely. And that black people were passive and that they are acted upon. And the second act of arrogance is the supposition that the federal government could fix it.
Yes. Why are people now repeating this in 2013, when we’ve had nearly half a century an experiecne to the contrary. Those blacks who’ve escaped the black redneck culture, they’ve moved on.
“The fundamental problem . . . is that of family structure . . . [T]he Negro family in the urban ghettos is crumbling. A middle class group has managed to save itself, but for vast numbers of the unskilled . . . [and] poorly educated . . . .
. . . the fabric of conventional social relationships has all but disintegrated . . . . So long as this situation persists, the cycle of poverty and disadvantage will continue to repeat itself.”
–Daniel Patrick Moynihan, “The Negro Family: The Case for National Action”
When Moynihan wrote these words, the illegitimacy rate among African-Americans was 25%. Today [in 2013], the illegitimacy rate of white Americans is 36%. Among Hispanics more than 50%. And among African-Americans more than 70%. What is to be done?
This is the result of the 1960s policies. This is not a legacy of what happened before the 1960s.
ROBINSON: The breakdown of the black family is not the legacy of slavery?
SOWELL: No. The classic study of this goes all the way to the era of slavery. Kids back in slavery lived with two parents. And they did so all the way up ’til the 1960s. And so if you really want to find out what’s changed, it’s changed since the 1960s. And the fact now that whites have a higher rate of illegitimacy than blacks had when Moynihan wrote suggests that this is something that spreads out. But if you look at those blacks with black wives and black families, the poverty rate among such families has been in single digits every year since 1994. And so if you look at the external causes of the husband and wife families and the welfare, single-mom families all are facing society and objective things. But the results are radically different because the cultures and values are different.
ROBINSON: So you would rollback welfare, I guess that’s the principal policy. So what would Tom Sowell do? You’d eliminate welfare, you’d reform welfare, what would you do?
SOWELL: Roll it back!
ROBINSON: What about affirmative action?
SOWELL: Eliminate it.
ROBINSON: Just gone?
ROBINSON: Colorblind policy completely?
ROBINSON: What prospect for that do you see?
ROBINSON: Is there a growing, a rising generation of African-American intellectuals who say “Enough of this, I’m with Tom Sowell?”
SOWELL: Well, I don’t know if they’d go that far . . . . There’s no point in being reckless. There are people like Shelby Steele and Larry Elder . . . run through a long list. More people now than in the 1970s. But in terms of the political leaders, all the incentives politically are for black leaders to blame all problems in the black community on the larger society and that enables them to take on the roll of being the defender of the black community against enemies, which in turn creates a situation in which many blacks don’t feel that anything that they do is going to help themselves unless it’s done politically as a group. There’s no point. Why would you, if you believe what they say, why would you knock yourself out in school knowing that “the man” is not going to let you get anywhere? One of the most pathetic things I heard in recent years was a young black man saying that at one point he thought he would join the air force and become a pilot. And then he says he realized that the white man is not going to allow a black man become a pilot. And he was saying this decades after the Tennessee Airmen had established their reputation in combat in Europe. Hopelessness is one of the big products of the Race Industry. That you have no chance. I remember giving a talk at Marquette, and at the end of the talk, a question was asked, a young black man got up and he said even though I am graduating from Marquette University, what hope is there for me? And having gone through college in the 1950s, I don’t remember any blacks saying this when there were a lot more obstacles to overcome than there were when this guy was graduating from Marquette.