FDR, Franklin Delanor Roosevelt.
Henry Stimson, Secretary of War, 1940. From Charles Callan Tansill’s 1952 Back Door to War: The Roosevelt’s Foreign Policy, 1933-1941:
It was entirely fitting that Stimson became Secretary of War in 1940; no one deserved that title quite as well as he. The entry in his Diary for November 25, 1941, is illuminating. With regard to Japan “the question is how we should maneuver them into the position of firing the first shot without allowing too much danger to ourselves.”
This was interesting.
When the report of the Army Pearl Harbor Board boldly pointed out the questionable conduct of General George C. Marshall, the Chief of Staff, Secretary Stimson rushed to his defense. On the convenient ground of ill-health, he later refused to appear before the Joint Congressional Committee that investigated the tragedy of ggnPearl Harbor.
This, too, was interesting. Prior to WWII, the U.S. was pro-Japanese. [See page 3.]
Japan Is Given a Green Light to Expand in Manchuria In the Far East this Anglo-American parallel policy had a definite pro-Japanese inclination, with the Anglo-Japanese alliance of January 30, 1902, as the cornerstone of an imposing imperialistic structure. It was inevitable that the Department of State would favor Japan in a struggle which it assumed would result in the emancipation of North China from Russian shackles. The American press was equally pro-Japanese.
Heinrich Aloysius Maria Elisabeth Brüning was a German Centre Party politician and academic, who served as Chancellor of Germany during the Weimar Republic from 1930 to 1932.