Post Office was created in 1792.
FDR’s NEW DEAL [First New Deal, 1933-1934; Second New Deal, 1935-1938; Third New Deal?]
1. David Gordon reviews a book by Wolfgang Schivelbusch, titled Three New Deals: Reflections on Roosevelt’s America, Mussolini’s Italy, and Hitler’s Germany, 1933-1939. It compares FDR’s New Deal with Hitler’s Fuhrerprinzip and Mussolini’s central planning bonanzas in Germany and Italy that sprung at the same time. This is a decent article by David Boaz at the CATO Institute.
2. Funny. FDR wrote the book Looking Forward, FDR, 1933. I wonder. Is that where the Progressive’s phrase or the criticism to it of “forward-thinking people” comes from? I wonder.
3. Jim Powell asks “Why did FDR triple federal taxes during the Great Depression, 1929-1939?”
TVA, Tennessee Valley Authority, 1933.
The issue with the TVA is the forceful imposition of eminent domain. On the TVA or Tennessee Valley Authority, this book was recommended, The Tennessee Volume II: The New River Civil War to TVA, Donald Davidson, 1948. The one who recommended it said that it “is a good source for the ‘fascist destruction’ of the Tennessee River.”
TVA Idea, Dean Russell, 1949.
“How Capitalists Help Build Socialism,” Frank Chodorov, 1962.
Tim Carney on the TVA:
During the Depression, Franklin Roosevelt created the Tennessee Valley Authority, which was supposed to create jobs and electrical power at the same time. The TVA originally was in the business of building and operating dams, which would use water to generate electricity. By 1954, however, it was in the business of coal-run power plants. This made it the largest coal customer in the country.
In 1954, the TVA bought 8 million tons of coal from the “dogholes in the mountains” as Lewis called the small coal mine operators.3
NRA, National Industrial Recovery Act, 1933 [Declared unconstitutional in 1935]
[General Hugh Johnson] began with a blanket code which every businessman was summoned to sign–to pay minimum wages and observe maximum hours of work, to abolish child labor, abjure price increases and put people to work. Every instrument of human exhortation opened fire on business to comply–the press, pulpit, radio, movies. Bands played, men paraded, trucks toured the streets blaring the message through microphones. Johnson hatched out an amazing bird called the Blue Eagle, which was a badge of compliance. The President went on the air: “In war in the gloom of attack,” he crooned, “soldiers wear a bright badge to be sure that comrades do not fire on comrades. Those who cooperate in this program must know each other at a glance. That bright badge is the Blue Eagle.” “May Almighty God have mercy,” cried Johnson, “on anyone who attempts to trifle with that bird.”
This essay by Karen De Coster is interesting.
Who can forget the heroic Henry Ford, when he was the only major manufacturer in the auto industry to not sign Hugh (Old Ironpants) Johnson’s Automobile Code under the National Industrial Recovery Act?
Entrepreneurs who kowtowed to FDR’s “voluntary” codes could place the State logo, the NRA blue eagle symbol, in their windows and on the packaging of their goods. Said Ford of the atrocious Blue Eagle: “Hell, that Roosevelt buzzard. I wouldn’t put it on the car.” The National Industrial Recovery Act was eventually declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, but Ford held his ground against Roosevelt, even as FDR led a boycott against Ford products.
She cites the book from David L. Lewis, The Public Image of Henry Ford: An American Folk Hero and his Company, 1987.
Hugh S. Johnson’s book on the NRA, The Blue Eagle, Egg to Earth, 1935.
WPA, Works Progress Administration, 1935-1943.
Here are the lyrics:
Now wake up, boys, get out on the rock
It ain’t daybreak, but it’s four o’clock
Oh, no, no, no, Pops, you know that ain’t the play
What you talkin’ ’bout? It’s the W.P.A.
Sleep while you work, while you rest, while you play
Lean on your shovel to pass the time away
T’ain’t what you do; you can’t die for your pay
Now don’t be a fool; working hard is passe
You’ll stand from five to six hours a day
Sit down and joke while you smoke; it’s okay
I’m so tired, I don’t know what to do
Can’t get fired, so I’ll take my rest until my work is through
Don’t mind the boss if he’s cross when you’re gay
He’ll get a pink slip next month anyway
Three little letters that make life okay